Whether employment involves intellectually challenging desk work, farming, or fishing, for the Icelander there seems to be an intrinsic association between one's work life and both one's personal contentment and the meaning ultimately attached to one's life. This is its story. Except for a brief interruption from 1799-1844, Icelandâs independent commonwealth has been governed by the Althingi parliament since 930, the worldâs oldest extant parliamentary institution. The glaciers are a reminder of Iceland’s proximity to the Arctic Circle, which nearly touches its northernmost peninsula. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Iceland. Literature has always played a prominent role in Icelandic culture. Illiteracy is unknown in the small island country. In 1000 A.D., Christianity was peacefully adopted at the Althing, which met for two weeks each summer and attracted a significant portion of the population. Iceland is the oldest democracy in the world. A main reason for this is because of the high regard placed on hard work by the people. Many Icelanders, for example, still believe in elves, trolls, and other figures in the mythical landscape of the Norse past, while even Icelanders who live in cities harbour a vision of their country as a pastoral land, in the words of Nobel Prize-winning author Halldór Laxness, of. It is northwest of the United Kingdom and has a strategic location between Greenland and Europe. Iceland's interior consists mostly of uninhabited mountains and high plateaus. Real power rests with the 63-member parliament, the Althingi (Althing). Immigration from other parts of the world has been minimal since the time of the first settlement. Manuscript illumination, woodcarving, and folk music have been associated with periods of heightened interest. The basalt sheets tend to tilt somewhat toward the centre of the country. The capital is where the largest museums and galleries are located and among the most visited are the Culture House, Einar Jonsson Museum , â¦ English, Danish, and German are also widely spoken and understood. Since WWII Iceland has maintained a high standard of living that is comparable to other Nordic countries. The National Theater of Iceland celebrated its fiftieth anniversary in the year 2000. Nearly every district has its own museum reflecting the local cultural history, while magnificent galleries and museums grace the capitol. Iceland is a volcanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle. A PDF of the background information for the 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 datasets is available. Volcanic activity has been particularly frequent since the 1970s. Lying on the constantly active geologic border between North America and Europe, Iceland is a land of vivid contrasts of â¦ The Icelandic sagas, most of which recount heroic episodes that took place at the time the island was settled, are regarded as among the finest literary achievements of the Middle Ages, reflecting a European outlook while commemorating the history and customs of a people far removed from continental centres of commerce and culture. Information about Iceland and COVID-19. Region. There are numerous theater companies in Iceland, and Reykjavik is home to a symphony orchestra, an opera house, and a ballet company. Iceland background information Iceland background information. It erupted again beginning on April 14 and sent wandering ash plumes into the skies that disrupted air traffic for days across northern and central Europe. The area covered by Vatnajökull (Vatna Glacier), the country’s largest, is equal to the combined total area covered by all the glaciers on the continent of Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Iceland is an island nation located in Northern Europe between the Greenland Sea and the Northern Atlantic Ocean. Use this timeline to learn more about the history of Iceland. The middle west is divided between fishing and farming and has many places of great natural beauty. A Short History of Iceland. The southeast, locked between the glaciers and the sea, has a landscape of rugged splendour. The history of Iceland is one of survival and prosperity. This practice of family members frequently teaching children to read continues in present day Iceland. It lies just below the Arctic Circle between 64 and 66 degrees north. 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